Manikayu adalah pengesahan yang diterima oleh orang dewasa dalam Pengakap yang telah menyempurnakan Kursus Kepimpinan Manikayu (Peringkat Pengenalan hingga Peringkat Keempat) yang diberikan oleh Pasukan Latihan, Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia. Mereka yang menghabiskan latihan diberikan pengesahan dalam bentuk dua manik kayu pada tali kulit. Penerima Manikayu dikenali sebagai Wood Badger atau Gilwellian.
Manik tambahan diberikan kepada "wood badgers" yang bertugas sebagai sebahagian daripada lembaga pasukan pelatih "wood badge". Satu manik tambahan diberikan kepada (Penolong Jurulatih Kebangsaan) Assistant Leader Trainers dan dua manik tambahandiberikan kepada (Jurulatih) Leader Trainers untuk menjadikan jumlah keseluruhannya empat.
Robert Baden-Powell sendiri mengenakan sejumlah enam manik yang dia serahkan kepada Sir Percy Everett ketika itu Timbalan Ketua Pengakap. Percy kemudiannya menyerahkan enam manik tersebut kepada Gilwell untuk dipakai oleh Ketua Kem Gilwell Camp Chief sebagai lencana pejabat.Tradisi ini masih kekal sehingga hari ini.
Manikayu pertama adalah diperbuat daripada biji manik yang dimiliki dan dikalung di leher Ketua Zulu bernama Dinizulu. BP berjumpa Dinizulu pada tahun 1888. Dalam sesuatu pejumpaan, leher Dinizulu dikalung dengan rantai yang sepanjang 12 kaki yang mempunyai lebih kurang 1000 biji manik.Apabila BP mencari sesuatu tanda untuk pemimpin yang tamat menjalankan kursus di Gilwell park, BP teringat rantai leher Dinizulu yang dihadiahkan kepadanya. BP mengambil dua ‘bead’ yang kecil dan membuat satu lubang kecil di tengah ‘bead’ dan bergantung dengan tali kulit. Inilah asalnya bagaimana manikayu telah wujud.
Latihan pada mulanya dijalankan oleh Robert Baden-Powell, pengasas Pengakap pada 8 September, 1919 di Gilwell. Pada penamat latihan, beliau menyerahkan setiap peserta satu manik kayu dari kalung yang dia terima dari Dinizulu, Zetua Zulu. Bekalan asal manik telah lama habis dan hanya salinan diberikan pada masa kini.
(Source: From Wikipedia)
Wood Badge is a Scouting leadership program and the related award for adult leaders in the programs of Scout associations throughout the world. Wood Badge courses aim to make Scouters better leaders by teaching advanced leadership skills, and by creating a bond and commitment to the Scout movement. Courses generally have a combined classroom and practical outdoors-based phase followed by a Wood Badge ticket, also known as the project phase. By "working the ticket", participants put their newly gained experience into practice to attain ticket goals aiding the Scouting movement. The first Wood Badge training was organized by Francis "Skipper" Gidney and lectured at by Robert Baden-Powell and others at Gilwell Park (United Kingdom) in September 1919. Wood Badge training has since spread across the world with international variations.
On completion of the course, participants are awarded the Wood Badge beads to recognize significant achievement in leadership and direct service to young people. The pair of small wooden beads, one on each end of a leather thong (string), is worn around the neck as part of the Scout uniform. The beads are presented together with a taupe neckerchief bearing a tartan patch of the Maclaren clan, honoring William de Bois Maclaren, who donated the funding to purchase Gilwell Park in 1919. The neckerchief with the braided leather woggle (neckerchief slide) denotes the membership of the 1st Gilwell Scout Group or Gilwell Troop 1. Recipients of the Wood Badge are known as Wood Badgers or Gilwellians.
Soon after founding the Scout movement, Robert Baden-Powell saw the need for leader training. Early Scoutmaster training camps were held in London in 1910, and in Yorkshire in 1911. Baden-Powell wanted his training to be as practical as possible, and that meant holding it in the outdoors in campsites. World War I delayed the development of leader training, so the first formal Wood Badge course was not offered until 1919. Gilwell Park, just outside of London, was purchased specifically to provide a venue for the course and was opened for use on 2 June 1919. Francis Gidney, the first Camp Chief at Gilwell Park, conducted the first Wood Badge course there from 8 September to 19 September 1919. It was produced by Percy Everett, the Commissioner of Training, and Baden-Powell himself gave lectures. The course was attended by 18 participants, and other lecturers. After this first course, Wood Badge training continued at Gilwell Park, and it became the home of leadership training in the Scout movement.
The beads were first presented at the initial leadership course in September 1919 at Gilwell Park. The woggle is a two-strand version of a Turk's head knot, which has no beginning and no end, and symbolizes the commitment of a Wood Badger to Scouting.
The origins of Wood Badge can be traced back to 1888, when Baden-Powell was on a military campaign in Zululand (now part of South Africa). He pursued Dinizulu, a Zulu king, for some time, but never managed to catch up with him. Dinizulu had a 12-foot (4 m)-long necklace with more than a thousand acacia beads. Baden-Powell is said to have found the necklace when he came to Dinizulu's deserted mountain stronghold. Such necklaces were known as iziQu in Zulu and were presented to brave warrior leaders.
Much later, Baden-Powell searched for a distinctive award for the participants in the first Gilwell course. He constructed the first award using two beads from Dinizulu's necklace, and threaded them onto a leather thong given to him by an elderly South African in Mafikeng, calling it the Wood Badge.
While no official knot exists for tying the two ends of the thong together, the decorative diamond knot has become the most common. When produced, the thong is joined by a simple overhand knot and various region specific traditions have arisen around tying the diamond knot, including: having a fellow course member tie it; having a mentor or course leader tie it; and having the recipient tie it after completing some additional activity that shows they have mastered the skills taught to them during training.